The European Council for Fatwa and Research
Fatwa Committee UK
Praise be to Allah the lord of the worlds, and peace and blessings be upon the messenger of Allah, and all his family and companions. To proceed:
By the success of Allah, the Committee of Fatwa in Britain – that is a branch of the European Council for Fatwa and Research – was able to meet in the British capital; London, on Wednesday the 6th of Rajab 1437 (the 13th of April 2016). It is the first meeting since starting work with regards to fatwas. Discussions were held concerning several contemporary issues that affect the British Muslim community. After discussion of these topics, the following decisions were drawn by the members of the Committee:
The ruling of breaking the fast for those students whose concentration during exams is affected by fasting
The committee relied upon the verdict of the European Council for Fatwa and Research on this issue (Fatwa 6/25), which states: ‘’If due to the long hours of fasting in Ramadan, the student fears that he will be caused severe exhaustion and hardship, and that fasting will affect his concentration in performing the exam, and he is not able to delay this exam, then he is permitted to break his fast in order to push away such hardship. He is then required to make up the missed fasts later. In the words of Allah: ‘’Allah wants ease for you, and He does not want hardship’’ (Surat al-Baqarah: 185)
Fasting Ramadan when the days are long in Britain
The committee had a look at some of the juristic and astronomical opinions relating to the lengthy days during Ramadan in the upcoming years. After long detailed discussions and debates of the various juristic and astronomical opinions on this matter, the committee confirmed that the fast begins at the start time of the Fajr prayer, and it ends at Maghrib (sunset); and this is the case in all parts of the United Kingdom. Any other views mentioned of reducing the fast hours are based on weak opinions that oppose the clear cut evidences of the Shari’ah; and anybody who is not capable of fasting, has been given permission by Allah to break their fast, and repeat it on another day.
And peace and blessing be upon our Messenger Muhammad and all his family and companions.
Fatwa Committee UK